Journal of Circular Economy

An applied scholarly journal on circular economy

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Entrepreneurship in International Context: Trends and Coping With Eco-Entropy

Robert Isaak


The rupture of the international system by the Ukranian war provides ecopreneurial opportunities for circular economies given gaps in national sovereignties laid bare by protectionism. The entropy of a full range of human needs from jobs to housing, etc. can be countered with sustainable, ‘green-green’ start-up designs stimulated by state policies yielding chances for ‘individual sovereignty’ and positive future perspectives.


Ecopreneurship, Sovereignty, Entropy, Syntropy, Green-green Start-ups, Sustainability, Creative Destruction, Ukraine Crisis.


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Isaak, R. (2000). Managing World Economic Change.(3rd ed.). Prentice-Hall, 160.

Isaak, R. (Spring, 2003). The making of the ecopreneur, in Greener Management International. Sheffield, U.K.

Isaak, R.  (1998). Green Logic: Ecopreneurship, Theory and Ethics. Sheffield, U.K.

Schaper, M.,ed. (2010). Making Ecopreneurs: Developing Sustainable Entrepreneurship. 2nd ed.  Gower.

Tan, Y. (2011). Chinnovation. Wiley.


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