Journal of Circular Economy

An applied scholarly journal on circular economy

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A Bi-objective Decision Support Tool Based on System Dynamics and Discrete Event Modelling for Sustainable Supply Chain

Jia Yu, Trung Hieu, Simon Gray, and Adriana Encinas-Oropesa


Based on the development trend of sustainable concepts and the implement ability of composites combined with Agave Bagasse Fibre (ABF) and Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET). The purpose of this paper is to design a bi-objective decision support tool for supply chain of composite material which combined with ABF and PET. Through the production, processing, recycling, and reprocessing of composite materials, the sustainable supply chain model of four different schemes is designed, and the data results of each scheme model are calculated and analysed. The tool can support supply chain modelling solutions that seek best practices for sustainable supply chains and optimize resource efficiency through cost and carbon dioxide emissions. The sustainable supply chain model was designed, created, and optimized in AnyLogic software using System Dynamics and Discrete Event Simulation modelling methods based on the supply chain model established by previous researchers. According to the analysis results of the model data, the reasonable design of the whole process can effectively reduce the cost and carbon dioxide emissions and achieve the effectiveness and implementation of the sustainable supply chain. The results of this study will provide reference for more sustainable supply chain models in the future. Further research on composite materials can be carried out by combining with practice.


Sustainable Agricultural Waste; Sustainable Supply Chain; System Dynamics; Discrete Event Simulation, Design Thinking


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